Belgrade Fortress And Kalemegdan Park

Belgrade fortress including Kalemegdan park are the city’s top landmarks and attractions. It’s the cradle of Belgrade history from the ancient period through Medieval, Turkish and Austro-Hungarian period. 

Belgrade fortress walls
View to confluence of Sava and Danube rivers from Belgrade fortress

The fortification of city’s fortress (aka Kalemegdan) began in Celtic times and carried on in Roman period where the Romans  built  ‘Singidunum’ settlement. 

There were more than 115 battles to conquer the fortress, mainly because of its dominant position – on a hill overlooking the Sava and Danube confluence. The fortress was destroyed more than 40 times throughout the centuries.

Today the fortress preserves appearance from 18th-century Austro-Hungarian and Turkish reconstructions. The town field in front of the fortress was named Kalemegdan. This name derives from the Turkish words kale (fort) and megdan (battle field).

The whole area that hosts both park and the fortress is divided in three sections. At the map bellow you can see the whole complex. 

It’s easy to reach Kalemegdan park on foot if you are staying in the central area of ​​the city (Stari Grad – Old Town municipality).  In fact, it’s a natural continuation of a walk started along the Knez Mihailova shopping street. Once you reach at the end of this street (see the map above) near City Library, just cross the Pariska street. 

Entrance to Kalemegdan park with famous fortress
Main entrance to Kalemegdan park crossing Pariska street

Belgrade fortress tours

Free Belgrade fortress tour

As soon as you enter the park, you’ll come across souvenirs vendors. They are not selling the commonplace souvenirs. There, you’ll really find typical Serbian products, mostly handmade. Tourist mostly look for items like – small dolls in folk costume, slippers and sweaters from the Zlatibor mountain area. But, you can find also bottles of famous rakija (brendy) – Šljivovica

The most original souvenirs are pictures of Tito, old coins and particularly banknotes. Among the most original are the eleven zeros banknotes (500 billion dinars) from the hyperinflation period (1993).

What to see

Kalemegdan park is a huge area interlaced by kilometers of paths and numerous hideouts through the park. There is also a small train that runs through the park if you don’t like walking.

The park has been always favorite place for children and  teens. Besides, the city Zoo, there are also few playgrounds for the kids. In the winter period, there are possibilities for skiing and sleigh riding on the slopes near the Zoo. There is also ice-skating ground near the Sahat (Clock) tower.

Kalemegdan Park Highlights

Kalemegdan Park is one of  the largest parks in Belgrade. The whole area of the park is divided in two sections – the Great and Little Park. Both parts provide places of rest and entertainment with several important monuments. 

Upper Town - Gornji Grad

Upper town or Gornji Grad is the central part of Belgrade fortress. Most of the visitors will spend the most of time in this fortified citadel. Citadel is the highest point of Belgrade fortress complex.

Lower Town - Donji Grad

Lower Town (Donji Grad) is the large plateau between  the confluence of Sava and Danube rivers. During the rule of despot Stefan Lazarevic, this area was fortified and urbanized. Today, the Lower Town is a favorite place for recreation, nature lovers with some  valuable historical monuments. (Nebojša Tower, Amam Turkish bath, Gate of Charles VI)

Lower Town rests of Metropolitan court
The remains of the Metropolitan Palace in the Lower Town, the most important Medieval orthodox temple

Information for visitors

Visiting Belgrade fortress here are useful information about opening hours and tickets prices of most important fortress sights: 

Military Museum

Military museum

Working hours - every day from 10am to 5pm every day except Mondays. Ticket price - Adults 15o RSD Children 70 RSD Group visits can be arranged calling: +38111/33 43 441. The museum exhibits armaments, uniforms, flags, medals, archival materials, art works, photographs. Some parts are exposed outdoor.

Sahat Tower (Clock Tower)

Where? Upper Town. Opening hours: Monday – Sunday from 11.00 am – 07.00 pm Tickets: Single ticket: 80 RSD. Children, students, senior citizens: 40 RSD

Roman well

The Roman Well.

Where? - Upper Town. Opening hours: Monday – Sunday from 11.00 am – 07.00 pm Tickets: Single ticket: 120 RSD. Children, students, senior citizens: 60 RSD

Nebojsa Tower

Nebojsa Tower

Where? - Lower Town. Opening hours: from Wednesday – Sunday 11.00 am – 07.00 pm Tickets: Single ticket: 200 RSD Children, students, senior citizens: 100 RSD

Big Powder Store

Big Powder Store

Where? Lower Town. Opening hours (from June 1st): Monday – Sunday from 11.00 am – 07.00 pm Tickets: (from June 1st): Single ticket: 200 RSD. Children, students, senior citizens: 100,00 RSD.